Bed Bug Exterminator

Exterminating bed bugs can be a really difficult task to do effectively. These horrible parasites have seen a marked resurgence in worldwide numbers since 1955. Many highly effective bed bug exterminator products and services exist today, great news if you have suffered from these determined creepy crawlies.

Although many people may have heard of bed bugs, they are rarely seen or understood. Bed bugs, also often spelt ‘bedbugs’, are a group of small parasitic insects from the family ‘Cimicidae’. Other names that have been used for these uncomfortable pests are wall louse, mahogany rat, heavy dragoon, chinche, crimson crawler and redcoat. The usual culprits from this family are ‘Cimex lectularius’. As parasites, these bed bugs have no choice but to feed only on blood from warm-blooded creatures. The reason the word ‘bed’ is in their common name is simply due to these insects preferring living in homes, and in particular peoples bedding and mattresses.

Albeit not strictly nocturnal in behaviour, bed bugs are usually more active during the night, this also being the time when they can feed on their hosts unnoticed. Health issues can arise from attacks by bed bugs. Skin rashes, psychological damage and allergic symptoms are all associated with chronic and acute bed bug infestations. Bed bugs can be diagnosed through either being physically seen in situ and/ or having their effects noticed.

Bed bugs as adults look reddish brown, have an oval and flattened shape, and are wingless. Tiny microscopic hairs grow in definite bands across their body giving them a striped look. They grow up to 4-5mm in total body length, and 1.5-3mm in width. Born, much smaller and transparent, as bed bugs grow out of their initial nymph stage they take on a browner coloration through successive moults.

All attacks, nesting locations and reproduction involves communication between bed bugs through their use of pheromones and kairomones. Bed bug lifespans vary a lot depending upon exact species and their quantity of feeding.

Bed bugs typically feed every 5-10 days, and in general live for up to a year in colder climates, and up to 5 months in warmer temperatures where their rate of activity is much higher.

Unfortunately, bed bugs are rather tough critters, able to withstand a wide variety of environmental conditions ranging from below 16 centigrade to as high as 40 centigrade, and in very low humidities. They can even survive for up to a year without food. The good news is that younger life stages are far less adept at surviving low humidities. Also, adults are not able to survive temperatures of 45 centigrade or above. Similarly, high concentrations of carbon dioxide has been known to kill them.

Bed bugs can be managed through a combination of pesticide and non-pesticide techniques. Powerful pesticides that work are: dichlorvos, malathion and pyrethroids. Non-pesticide moves that are well worth it include vacuuming bed bugs and the heat treatment/ wrapping of mattresses.